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OldskoolTimeline

Page history last edited by PBworks 15 years, 8 months ago

These links were selectively taken from the Recording Technology History∞website. a big thanks to Steve for this resource.

also the CED in the History of Media Technology∞

AN AUDIO TIMELINE∞

TimeLine of Music and Media Technology∞ compilation and copyright by The Media Management Group

101010.it - design dell'informazione∞

can maybe dig up more here∞

 

 

 

1950

1951 - war of the speeds ended as Victor sold LPs and Columbia sold 45s.

1951 - Stefan Kudelski in Switzerland built the first Nagra portable, self-contained tape recorder with wind-up motor, and Max Grundig in Germany introducedthe Reporter tape recorder∞.

1954 - Regency TR-1, first transistor portable radio introduced by I.D.E.A. Co. of Indianapolis - see note on the question of who made the first such radio.

1954 - On March 25, the first color television sets rolled out of the RCA Victor factory in Bloomington, Indiana; (The model CT-100 had a 12-inch screen, and a suggested retail price of $1000. A total of 5,000 model CT-100 sets were made.)

1956 - CBS broadcast the first network television show with videotape Nov. 30, Douglas Edwards and the News, for West Coast delayed broadcast.

1956 - Les Paul makes the first 8-track recordings using the "Sel-Sync" method.

1956 - First hard disk drive at IBM

1957 - Compatible Stereo disks and record players are offered for sale (33 1/3 and 45rpm.)

1958 - world standard for stereo records established, and first stereo LPs sold; new generation ofHi-Fi components∞ adopt stereo. Koss introduced stereo headphones.

1958 – videotape introduced

 

 

1960

1961 - The FCC decides the FM stereo broadcast format,slowly starts to gain respect.

1962 - Multitrack analog tape recording starts being used in recording studios.

1963 - Philips demonstrated its first compact audio cassette∞using high-quality BASF polyester 1/8-inch tape that ran at 1-7/8 ips; sold the next year in the U.S. with the Norelco Carry-Corder dictation machine, but the demand for blank tape used for personal music recording was unanticipated by Philips.

1964 - The 8-track stereo tape cartridge is developed for automobile use by Lear

1965 - image Philips cassette diagram∞ for the system introduced in 1965

Philips introduced the compact cassette for consumer audio recording and playback on small portable machines such as the Norelco Carry-Corder 150.

1965 - The Dolby Type A noise reduction system is introduced.

 

1967 – Congress passes Public Broadcasting Act; PBS formed

1969 - The Internet begins as a link between four university labs, called ARPANET

 

 

1970 - The Last Poets, pioneers of hip-hop, record their self-named LP on Douglas Records, using a mixture of spoken word and jazz drumming and instrumentations.

1971 - Gloria Gaynor records "Never Can Say Goodbye" -- the first disco record on US radio

1972 - Atari of Santa Clara, CA develops "Pong" -- the first electronic computer arcade game.

1973 - Kool Herc, Father of Hip-Hop, aka Clive Campell, deejayed his first block party. He played soul, old funk and R&B records on his turntables. He was born in Jamaica and immigrated in '67 (age 12) from Kingston where he brought his knowledge of the Jamaican soundsystem scene to the Bronx.

1974 - The Grateful Dead produce the "Wall of Sound" at the San Francisco Cow Palace, incorporating separate systems for vocals, each of the guitars, piano and drums.

1974 - DuPont introduces chromium dioxide (CrO2) cassette tape.

1975 - William Burroughss readings at the University of Buffalo were recorded in December '75. The tapes sold on ebay 31 years later

1975 – Sony Betamax home videocassette recorder introduced

1975 - Digital tape recording begins to take hold in professional audio studios.

1977 - Dolby noise reduction system is introduced to help cassette tape fidelity.

1978 - 3M introduces metal-particle cassette tape.

1978 - Music industry coined 'rap music'

1979 - Sony introduced the TPS-L2 Walkman portable audio cassette player, inaugurating a new era of personal music listening; the Sony family of portable personal music players would grow to include over 500 models, from the original pocket-sized 14-oz Walkman to the D-88 Pocket DiscMan of 1988 to the DAT Walkman TCD-D3 of 1991 to the MiniDisc of 1992 to the digital Discman of 1999. According to Sony's press release, in the 20-year history of the Walkman devices, 100 million units were sold in the U.S. creating a $1 billion industry.

1979 - The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight", is the first hip-hop record to reach Top 40 radio.

1979 - Maxell print ad: Scali, McCabe, Sloves

 

 

1980 - Sony introduced first consumer video camcorder.

1981 – MTV (Music Television) first airs; first video is “Video Killed the Radio Star”

1981 - Philips demonstrates the Compact Disc (CD).

1981 - Beastie Boys are formed

1982 - first digital audio 5-inch CD discs marketed, merging the consumer music industry with the computer revolution link∞

1982 - The first CD released (in Japan) is Billy Joel's "52nd Street" (October, 1982.)

By 1983, more pre-recorded audio cassettes (236 million) were sold than LPs, a decline in the big vinyl discs that was accelerated in the 1980s by the compact disc digital revolution.

1983 - Herbie Hancock and Grandmaster D.ST. cut "Rockit," the first hip-hop/jazz cross-over.

1984 - NBC broadcasts the first television programs with stereo sound

1985 - Adoption of the CD starts taking a huge bite out of LP sales, causing them to drop 25%

1986 - The Recording Industry Association of America (the RIAA) announces on June 19 that CDs have overtaken LP sales in the U.S.

1987 - Digital Audio Tape (DAT) players introduced

1988 - for the first time, CD sales surpassed LP sales, leaving CD and cassette as the two dominant consumer formats; more than 1/2 of TV households own a VCR; the first transatlantic fiber-optic cable carried up to 37,000 telephone transmissions and began to replace satellites for telephone communication.

 

 

1990 - Dolby proposes a 5-channel surround-sound scheme for home theater systems.

1990 - The write-once CD-R becomes a commercial reality.

1990 - Canada began digital radio that used the L-band.

1990 - Phillips introduces a digital audio tape recorder (DAT) using a digital casette.

1991 - Apple debuts the "QuickTime" multimedia format.

 

1993 - The Graphical WWW is Born with the Release of NCSA Mosaic

1995 - The online auction community eBay starts out as "AuctionWeb.com", programmed by General Magic engineer Pierre Omidyar who started it as a hobby project. It debuts on the Web in September 1995, and 10 years later in September, 2005 eBay will boast 157 million registered users worldwide, 75 million in the U.S.

1996 – Telecommunications Act of 1996 brings V-chip, deregulation, and dramatic increase in mergers and takeovers

1996 - DVD players started selling in Japan, and began in 1997 selling in the U.S.

1996 - Record labels begin to add multimedia files to new releases, calling them "enhanced CDs."

1998 - First regular transmissions of HDTV (High-Definition Television) begin in major cities

1999 - Personal Video Recorders from ReplayTV and TiVo are Introduced

 

 

2000 - Internet music-swapping site "Napster" is created, and alarms the recording industry which mounts a massive campaign to shut it down despite First Amendment concerns.

2001 - Napster is forced to "filter out" content due to RIAA lawsuit; hints at fees to come other free peer-to-peer software including Gnutella are developed to take Napster's place

2001 - Apple Computer introduced on Oct. 23 the iPod portable music player.

By 2001, cassettes accounted for only 4% of all music sold in the United States

2002 - October 10 - The F.C.C. approves a digital radio broadcast standard developed by iBiquity Digital Corp., a company backed by broadcasters including ABC and Viacom.

2002 - Annual world production of DVD-Video discs surpassed VHS cassettes, according to IRMA industry statistics: DVD increased from 1.08 billion in 2001 to 1.74 billion in 2002; VHS declined from 1.533 billion in 2001 to 1.33 billion in 2002.

2002 - last.fm∞ launched

2003 - Apple Computer introduces a downloadable music service via its iTunes music application, which proved that people would pay 99-cents-per-tune to download music legally in the wake of peer-to-peer free (but illegal) file swapping

2005 - Apple introduced on Jan. 11 the iPod Shuffle solid-state music player.

2006 - February 22 - Apple Computer's online music store integrated into its iTunes software and iPod hardware, sold it's one-billionth song on this date, proving that digital music can be accepted by the public when distributed across a network in a virtual form, as opposed to inscribed only in discrete tangible media.

2010

 

 

 


 

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